Understanding Pain

“....the will is the string, its frustration or impediment the vibration  of the string, knowledge the sounding-board, and pain the sound.” ‘On the Suffering of the World’ Arthur Schopenhauer Introduction From the time of René Descartes in the mid-seventeenth century, western science and medicine have been greatly influenced by ‘dualistic' theories of pain (that is, …

Socratic Method

As legacies go, Socrates has left us a very big one. Nowhere is this more pronounced than in clinical psychology. Socratic reasoning goes to the heart of cognitive-behavioural therapy as even the greenest therapist knows. What is striking by its absence, however, is an appreciation amongst many therapists of the fact that Socrates was not …

How can we help ourselves when we’re struggling and there are no simple answers?

  Whatever is going on right now... What’s happening? Give yourself a moment to acknowledge that you’re struggling right now. See if you can notice what you’re feeling in your body; any tightness or breath-holding. Are you aware of any particular thoughts and feelings about the current situation? Maybe some of these are familiar to …